Horsford, Booker, Blunt Rochester Reintroduce Groundbreaking Legislation to Break the Cycle of Community Violence
WASHINGTON, D.C. — Congressman Steven Horsford (D-NV-04), Senator Cory Booker (D-NJ), Congresswoman Lisa Blunt Rochester (D-DE-AL), House Majority Whip James E. Clyburn (D-SC-06), Congressional Black Caucus Chair Joyce Beatty (D-OH-03), House Democratic Caucus Chairman Hakeem Jeffries (D-NY-08), Congresswoman Robin Kelly (D-IL-02), Congresswoman Lucy McBath (D-GA-07), and others today reintroduced groundbreaking legislation to reduce violence in American cities and communities. The Break the Cycle of Violence Act, H.R. 4118, would provide federal grants to communities for evidence-informed community violence intervention and prevention programs designed to interrupt cycles of violence.
Research has shown that a combination of community-oriented intervention programs and commonsense violence prevention policies can cut gun violence rates in urban cities in half in as little as two years. In our nation’s urban centers, homicide rates are nearly 20 times the national average, which has a disproportionate impact on young people of color. In fact, Black men and boys, who make up just 6 percent of the U.S. population, account for 63 percent of all homicide victims. This violence disproportionately impacts young people of color. From 2015 to 2019, Black children and teens were 14 times as likely to be shot to death as their White peers. Hispanic children and teens and Native American children and teens were both about 3 times as likely to be shot to death as their White peers. Over this period, 72 percent of children murdered before their 18th birthday were people of color, and 50 percent were Black.
While the human cost of gun violence is agonizing, the economic costs for communities and taxpayers is similarly staggering. Gun violence costs the United States $280 billion every year—with each American bearing $700 of this cost annually. A single gun homicide costs taxpayer $448,000 in medical and criminal justice expenses. The Break the Cycle of Violence Act would be an effective solution to saving both lives and taxpayer dollars.
“Twenty-eight years ago today, my father was shot and killed in a senseless act of gun violence. In countless communities like mine, violence has robbed children of their parents and stripped young people of their futures,” said Congressman Steven Horsford. “We need smart, bold solutions to stop violence and keep families safe. The Break the Cycle of Violence Act will make transformative investments in community-based violence prevention programs, bring much-needed resources back to our neighborhoods, and build the economic opportunities that our youth deserve.”
“Often when we talk about gun violence, the discussion focuses on deadly mass shootings, but in my community in Newark and urban cities across the country people are experiencing this on a daily basis,” said Senator Cory Booker. “The gun violence epidemic that is ravaging our urban communities has been overlooked for too long, even as many communities have gun injury rates similar to warzones. It’s going to take bold, innovative, and smart ideas to tackle this challenge and keep our cities safe. This means investing federal resources in community-based violence intervention and prevention programs, which have been proven to reduce gun violence. It’s time we take action, confront this crisis, and implement solutions that work.”
“The rise in violent crime we have seen across the country, and specifically the rise of gun-related crimes is extremely alarming and must be addressed. We also know that all too often, gun violence is a vicious cycle of shootings and retaliation that leave communities traumatized and robs our young people of opportunity,” said Congresswoman Lisa Blunt Rochester. “It is all of our obligation to break that cycle. That’s why, together with my colleagues Representative Horsford, and Senator Booker, today, we are proposing an historic investment in both community and hospital-based violence intervention strategies, as well as job resources and opportunities for violence-affected youth. This multi-sector approach to addressing violence also shifts the paradigm through which we view policy and recognizes that the violence in our communities is a public health epidemic. The Break the Cycle of Violence Act invests in the kind of wraparound services that can not only help address the symptoms of violence we see in our communities but also address the root causes of that violence. This historic legislation will not only help break the cycle of gun violence - it will help create opportunity for our young people and help our communities thrive.”
“I’ve witnessed firsthand the value of well-funded and well-run youth opportunity and work experience programs,” said House Majority Whip James E. Clyburn. “When I started the Big Brothers Program on Charleston, South Carolina’s eastside to fill idle time with mentoring and work experience programs, the results were very positive. I am proud to join my colleagues in introducing commonsense legislation to codify President Biden’s proposals to invest in our young people, break the cycle of violence and make our communities safer.”
“Summer youth jobs keep our young people engaged and help them develop the critical skills necessary to prepare them for future employment. Summer employment may also serve multiple policy goals including deterring and protecting youth from violence. Summer youth jobs have had an especially positive effect on Black youth, many of whom earn the money necessary to help fund college applications and other important expenses,” said Congressional Black Caucus Chair Joyce Beatty.
"All Americans deserve an effective public safety system that treats every community with dignity and respect. But the gun violence epidemic in this country has shown us that our current approach doesn't work. Community-based violence prevention creates an environment to deescalate conflicts before incidents occur. I thank Rep. Horsford and all my colleagues for their work on this important legislation that lays the groundwork to break the cycle of violence," said Democratic Caucus Chairman Hakeem Jeffries.
“Our nation’s gun violence epidemic is a public health crisis. We need comprehensive solutions like the Break The Cycle of Violence Act to address the root causes of violence,” said Congresswoman Robin Kelly, Vice Chair of the Congressional Gun Violence Prevention Task Force. “Gun reform alone is not enough. We need proactive, evidence-based, community-focused measures to prevent gun violence. Studies have shown the value and efficacy of community violence intervention programs in saving lives and uplifting communities. The Break the Cycle of Violence Act will help fund more of these programs across the country and help put a stop to the gun violence plaguing our cities and communities in every single state. I am so grateful to Congressman Horsford and my colleagues who have co-sponsored this bill for leading the charge to save our constituents.”
“While the pain and hurt of the COVID-19 pandemic begins to fade into the past, America’s return to normal has seen the devastating reemergence of the horror and agony gun violence brings to our families and our communities. Now, parents across America are terrified that they will send their children off to school and never see them come home—terrified that they will one day be me,” said Congresswoman Lucy McBath. “Gun violence is in every corner of our country. And not one family, not one community, is immune to it. Parents and children; educators and public health experts; all have said enough is enough. Together, we must Break the Cycle of violence that is killing our children and ripping apart our families.”
Several studies have shown that the violence prevention and intervention programs this bill would fund have been successful in reducing violence in their communities. Richmond, California invested millions of dollars in violence reduction programs and saw a 70 percent drop in gun homicides between 2007 and 2016. In Massachusetts, gun homicide rates fell by 35 percent from 2010 to 2015 when they implemented public health approaches with its Safe and Successful Youth Initiative, while national rates increased 14 percent within that same period. In Oakland, California, gun homicides and nonfatal shootings have fallen by 50 percent since 2012, as a result of a citywide violence reduction plan, known as Oakland Ceasefire.
Specifically, the Break the Cycle of Violence Act would do the following:
- Require the Secretary of Health and Human Services to award $5 billion in grants over eight years to community-based, nonprofit organizations and eligible units of local government to create and/or support:
- Community outreach programs.
- Hospital-based violence intervention programs (HVIP) that provide intensive counseling, peer support, case management, mediation, and social services to patients recovering from gunshot wounds and other violent injuries.
- Group violence interventions strategies, which are a form of problem-oriented policing that provides targeted social services and support to individuals at highest risk for involvement in community violence, and a process for community members to voice a clear demand for the violence to stop.
- Violence interruption and crisis management initiatives.
- Create an Office of Community Violence Intervention at the Department of Health and Human Services to implement the Act.
- Establish a Community Violence Intervention Advisory Committee to provide advice and assistance to the Department of Health and Human Services and the Office of Community Violence Intervention to carry out the Act.
- Create a National Community Violence Response Center to provide technical assistance to grantees in the implementation of coordinated community violence intervention and prevention programs funded through the grant program.
- Direct the Secretary of the Department of Labor to create a $1.5 billion grant program for eligible organizations and units of local government to provide job training, education, apprenticeship, skilled trades training, or other paid or unpaid work experiences for opportunity youth in communities disproportionately impacted by violence.
The following members of Congress have co-sponsored this legislation: Rep. Steven Horsford, Rep. Lisa Blunt Rochester, House Majority Whip James E. Clyburn (D-SC-06), Chairman Hakeem S. Jeffries (D-NY-08), Rep. Robin Kelly (D-IL-02), Rep. Lucy McBath (D-GA-07), Rep. Joe Neguse (D-CO-02), Rep. Alma S. Adams (D-NC-12), Rep. Karen Bass (D-CA-37), Rep. Joyce Beatty (D-OH-03), Rep. G.K. Butterfield (D-NC-01), Rep. Tony Cardenas (D-CA-29), Rep. Troy Carter (D-LA-02), Rep. David Cicilline (D-RI-01), Rep. Yvette Clarke (D-NY-09), Rep. Emanuel Cleaver (D-MO-05), Rep. Danny K. Davis (D-IL-07), Rep. Dwight Evans (D-PA-03), Rep. Jahana Hayes (D-CT-05), Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC-AL), Rep. Henry C. "Hank" Johnson, Jr. (D-GA-04), Rep. Brenda Lawrence (D-MI-14), Rep. Barbara Lee (D-CA-13), Rep. Grace Meng (D-NY-06), Rep. Gwen Moore (D-WI-04), Del. Stacey E. Plaskett (D-VI-AL), Rep. Terri A. Sewell (D-AL-07), Rep. Darren Soto (D-FL-09), Rep. Marilyn Strickland (D-WA-10), Rep. Mike Thompson (D-CA-05), Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman (D-NJ-12), Rep. Nikema Williams (D-GA-05), Rep. Jamaal Bowman (D-NY-16), Rep. Dina Titus (D-NV-01), Rep. John Carson (D-CT-01), Rep. Joseph D. Morelle (D-NY-25), Rep. Frederica S. Wilson (D-FL-24), and Rep. Madeleine Dean (D-PA-04)
The full text of the legislation can be viewed here.
The Break the Cycle of Violence Act was first introduced during the 116th Congress. The legislation is supported by a broad coalition of community partners, including Giffords, Community Justice Action Fund, Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence, Everytown for Gun Safety, Faith in Action, and Amnesty International, among others.
Geneva Kropper | Geneva.Kropper@mail.house.gov | 202-849-0251